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Eid Cuisines from Around the World

Eid al-Fitr, also known as Hari Raya, is a significant commemoration in the Islamic calendar. Celebrating the end of the fasting month of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr is a time filled with happiness, brotherhood, and distinctive traditions. One of the most striking aspects of this celebration is the special dishes prepared worldwide to welcome guests and family. 


In various Muslim countries worldwide, culinary traditions are an integral part of the Eid celebration. Each country has its signature dishes that are passed down from generation to generation, reflecting the rich cultural heritage and local flavours. 


Let's take a deeper look at the culinary that enriches Eid celebrations around the world. 

  1. Kahk – Mesir

Kahk (Egyptian Arabic: كحك) are small round biscuits of Egyptian origin. It is made from wheat flour, sugar, butter , and sesame seeds with various fillings, usually nuts, honey, and dates. The cookies are then served with a dusting of powdered sugar. Making kahk is one of many traditions and a special dish in Egypt during Eid. Generally, 10 days before Ramadan, they gather to make this dish. 

2. Baklava – Turkey 

Baklava is a popular traditional dessert from Turkey. It has a sweet and rich taste with a crunchy texture. Baklava is usually eaten with apple tea so that the sweetness of baklava is balanced by the sour taste of the tea.  Apart from Turkey, baklava is also commonly found in other countries such as Iran, Iraq, and Syria. This dish is often found in Turkish homes as a treat for guests, at wedding ceremonies, as souvenirs, or as takjil during the month of Ramadan which are small foods that are consumed directly while breaking fast. 

3. Rendang & Opor - Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore 

Opor and rendang are Indonesian, Singaporean, and Malaysian specialties that are rich in spices. Both of these delicious dishes are commonly served during Eid with ketupat or lontong (compressed rice cakes). Rendang, which originates from Minangkabau in Indonesia, is made from beef, coconut milk, and long-cooked spices. This traditional dish is also well-known in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippines.  


Opor, on the other hand, is boiled chicken cooked with thick coconut milk and various spices such as lemongrass.

4. Hyderabadi Haleem & Biryani – India  

Hyderabadi Haleem is a wheat porridge which is rich in spices. It is served with beef or mutton, finely ground lentils, sliced boiled eggs, chopped coriander, fried onions, and a squeeze of lemon.  


Biryani is also a specialty dish often served during special celebrations like Eid. It is made up of rice stirred with spices and meat (usually chicken or lamb). 

5. Harira & Chebakia – Morocco 

While Islam is the largest religion in  Morocco, it observes Eid al-Fitr as a minor holiday. Moroccans enjoy their festivities to the fullest on Eid al-Adha. However, the country still has specialty dishes during Eid, namely harira soup and chebakia


Harira is a traditional Moroccan soup made from tomatoes, beans, lentils, meat, and spices. It is often served to break the fast during Ramadan and is also a common dish served during Eid. After eating harira soup, it is commonly followed by eating chebakia. Chebakia is a star-shaped cookie, made from deep-fried dough soaked in honey and topped with sesame seeds.

6. Maqluba – Middle East  

Maqluba is a type of rice dish cooked with meat (usually chicken or lamb), vegetables such as potatoes and eggplant, and spices. The name itself means "upside down" in Arabic as the dish is served with pieces of meat and vegetables on top of boiled rice. 

7. Sup Mie La Mian – China 

While Muslims are a minority group in China, there is still great enthusiasm for celebrating Eid al-Fitr. Lamian noodle soup is made from wheat flour dough that is pulled by hand until it is long. It is a dish that always adorns the table of every home during Eid. 

8. Bolani – Afghanistan

Bolani is a typical dish from Afghanistan that is often served as a light meal or snack. It is a type of flatbread that is filled with a variety of ingredients, such as potatoes, onions, leeks, pumpkin, or other vegetables that can be added to taste. Once filled, the bread is then folded and baked or fried. 


Bolani is often served with yogurt or chutney as a dip. The dish is also popular in some other parts of Central Asia.  


From the various dishes above, we can see how Eid al-Fitr celebrations are not only a time to share love and happiness but also to enjoy delicious food that enriches cultural diversity around the world. Each dish reflects the rich traditions and values upheld by various local communities. While all this food varies geographically and culturally, one thing can be certain: the spirit of togetherness and the joy of sharing a meal with family and friends has always been at the heart of Eid celebrations across the Muslim world

Through these special dishes, we can feel the warmth of brotherhood and togetherness radiating from every bite. May the spirit of Eid continue to inspire us to celebrate our differences and strengthen our bonds, not only during the festive season but throughout the year!

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